Carlos Orozco Romero

Guadalajara, Jalisco, 1896 - Mexico City, 1984

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Carlos Orozco Romero Biography

Carlos Orozco Romero was born in Guadaljara, Jalisco in 1896.

In 1921 the Government of Jalisco granted him a scholarship to travel to Europe. And in 1940 he received a scholarship to travel to New York, granted by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.

He began with the caricature and made portraits at the time of the Bohemian Center, a group formed by independent artists such as David Alfaro Siqueiros, Amado de la Cueva, José Guadalupe Zuno, and Javier Guerrero. But where he developed his style and contribution was in his landscapes of very personal seal, and also in his figurative works where he intercalated elements of cubism and surrealism, coupled with the indigenous roots.

In "La danza", an early work of cubistoide type, several elements that distinguish this style within its production are appreciated. The character, or the characters, are seen from several points not giving volume but turning them flat. On the other hand, the scenarios in which they develop do not cease to be treated with a very elementary geometry. The multiplicity of some human extremities, as well as the synthesis and absence of others that are observed here and in many more of the same type, emphasize the idea of movement, much in the manner of Russian futurism or perhaps under the influence of Marcel Duchamp. The geometry of this painting is related to that practiced by Carlos Mérida in almost all of his work; however, Orozco Romero suggests on this occasion one of his central concerns: the man led by a force alien to him.

In 1931 he founded, together with Carlos Mérida, the first official gallery of Modern Art, in the lobby of the Palacio de Bellas Artes, which later became the Museo Nacional de Artes Plásticas and Museo de Arte Moderno, INBA.

From 1946 to 1961, the following renowned artists were formed in his drawing workshop: Pedro and Rafael Coronel, Gilberto Aceves Navarro, Roberto Donís, Mario Orozco Rivera, Francisco Corzas, Benito Messeguer, Héctor Cruz and Arnold Belkin.

Carlos Orozco Romero died in Mexico City in 1984.